Throughout history, Allah has sent messengers to every nation showing them the Straight Path, in order for people to achieve good in this world and the next. The Qur'an tells us that this is a great mercy for all those who believe:

Allah showed great kindness to the believers when He sent a messenger to them from among themselves to recite His signs to them and purify them and teach them the Book and Wisdom, even though before that they were clearly misguided. (Surah Al 'Imran: 164)

And Allah said to His Messenger, Muhammad (saas):

We have only sent you as a mercy to all the worlds. (Surat al-Anbiya': 107)

These messengers were guiding lights for the communities to which they were sent; they showed their people the Right Path and imparted to them the commands of Allah. They conveyed the importance of believing in Allah and following His commands in order to achieve success in the Hereafter. However, throughout history, few people have heeded or appreciated what a great mercy these messengers were for them as highlighted in the Qur'an:

… But most people have no faith. (Surat ar-Ra'd: 1)

But most people, for all your eagerness, are not believers. (Surah Yusuf: 103)

The sole purpose of these messengers was to spread the Word of Allah. They wanted no material recompense for their work, desiring only the pleasure of Allah. They were people of noble character and genuine fear of Allah (taqwa). As well as receiving no material benefit from their work, they also experienced great difficulties and were tried in various ways in their attempt to bring people to faith. But these apparent difficulties only served to increase their faith and dedication even more. In return for their devotion, faithfulness, steadfastness, sincerity and trust in Him, Allah helped and supported His messengers, as He says in the Qur'an:

Allah has written, 'I will be victorious, I and My messengers.' Allah is Most Strong, Almighty. (Surat al-Mujadalah: 21)

Allah helped His messengers and those who believed with material and spiritual strength against the unbelievers who wished to harm them. He increased the abundance of blessings He bestowed on them and provided an escape from every difficulty. He increased their courage and strength in every hardship, lightened their burdens and strengthened their resolve by reminding them of His mercy. Allah tells us in the Qur'an of the support and protection He gives to His prophets and the believers who follow them:

We will certainly help Our messengers and those who believe both in the life of this world and on the Day the witnesses appear. (Surah Ghafir: 51)

Allah also supported some of His messengers by granting them miracles. A miracle (mu'jizah) involves a challenge from Allah to His creation. It is something that human beings are not capable of doing by themselves; it can only be done by the will of Allah. Miracles, by their very nature, are extraordinary events and so they have a tremendous effect on people. They had the twofold effect of strengthening the resolve and faith of those who already believed, while causing many unbelievers to come to faith. Those who did not believe were challenged to produce something like it and when they were unable to do this, Allah's message was supported and the weakness of the unbelievers was exposed.

The Miracles that Allah Granted the Prophets

In the Qur'an there are detailed accounts of the lives of the prophets, of the miracles with which Allah strengthened their faith and supported their message; and of the miracles He gave them as protection against the deniers. Prophets Ibrahim (sa), Musa (sa), 'Isa (sa) and Prophet Muhammad (saas) were among some of the messengers to whom Allah granted miracles, some of which are highlighted below.

The Miracles granted to Ibrahim (sa)

The fire that Ibrahim (sa) was thrown into became cool:

The idol worshippers were angry with Ibrahim (sa) as he had criticised their gods, so they plotted to throw him into the fire, but Allah protected His messenger by a miracle. Allah tells us in the Qur'an that, at His command, the flames did not harm Ibrahim (sa):

We said, 'Fire, be coolness and peace for Ibrahim!' (Surat al-Anbiya': 69)

The birds that Ibrahim (sa) had cut into pieces came back to him alive:

When Ibrahim said, 'My Lord, show me how You bring the dead to life.' He asked, 'Do you not then have faith?' He replied, 'Indeed I do! But so that my heart may be at peace.' He said, 'Take four birds and train them to yourself. Then put a part of them on each mountain and call to them; they will come rushing to you. Know that Allah is Almighty, All-Wise.' (Surat al-Baqarah: 260)

The Miracles granted to Musa (sa)

Musa (sa) was granted miracles by Allah which he used to invite Pharaoh and his courtiers to the Right Path.

Musa (sa)'s rod turned into a serpent and swallowed the ruses of the magicians:

He said, 'If you have come with a Clear Sign produce it if you are telling the truth.' So He threw down his staff and there it was, unmistakably a snake. (Surat al-A'raf: 106-107)

'Throw down what is in your right hand. It will swallow up their handiwork. Their handiwork is just a magician's trick. Magicians do not prosper wherever they go.' (Surah Ta Ha: 69)

Musa (sa)'s hand became as white as snow:

'Put your hand under your arm and press it to your side. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed, another Sign. In this way We show you some of Our greatest Signs.' (Surah Ta Ha: 22-23)

As Musa (sa) and the Bani Isra'il fled from Pharaoh and his people, a miracle of Allah allowed them to escape unharmed while the deniers perished:

Musa (sa) struck the sea with his rod and a way opened through it:

And when the two hosts came into sight of one another Musa's companions said, 'We will surely be overtaken!' He said, 'Never! My Lord is with me and He will guide me.' So We revealed to Musa, 'Strike the sea with your staff.' And it split in two, each part like a towering cliff. And We brought the others right up to it. We rescued Musa and all those who were with him. Then We drowned the rest. (Surat ash-Shu'ara': 61-66)

The Miracle granted to Yunus (sa)

Yunus (sa) was miraculously saved after being swallowed by a fish:

Yunus too was one of the Messengers. When he ran away to the fully laden ship and cast lots and lost. Then the fish devoured him and he was to blame. Had it not been that he was a man who glorified Allah, he would have remained inside its belly until the Day they are raised again. So We cast him up onto the beach and he was sick. (Surat as-Saffat: 139-145)

The Miracle granted to Zakariyya (sa)

Zakariyya (sa) was told he would have a child in his old age:

Then and there Zakariyya called on his Lord and said, 'O Lord, grant me by Your favour an upright child. You are the Hearer of Prayer.' The angels called out to him while he was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: 'Allah gives you the good news of Yahya, who will come to confirm a Word from Allah, and will be a leader and a celibate, a Prophet and one of the right-acting.' He said, 'My Lord, how can I possibly have a son when I have reached old age and my wife is barren?' He said, 'It will be so. Allah does whatever He wills.' (Surah Al 'Imran: 38-40)

The Miracle granted to Maryam

Maryam always had food with her:

… Every time Zakariyya visited her in the Upper Room, he found food with her. He said, 'Maryam, how did you come by this?' She said, 'It is from Allah. Allah provides for whoever He wills without any reckoning.' (Surah Al 'Imran: 37)

The Miracles granted to 'Isa (sa)

'Isa (sa) was granted miracles from the time of his birth and throughout his life, which have been detailed in the Qur'an:

Remember when Allah said, ''Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Ruh so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Injil; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who were kafir said, “This is nothing but downright magic”.' (Surat al-Ma'idah: 110)

He [Allah] will teach him ['Isa] the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Injil, as a Messenger to the tribe of Israel, saying: 'I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. I will create the shape of a bird out of clay for you and then breathe into it and it will be a bird by Allah's permission. I will heal the blind and the leper, and bring the dead to life, by Allah's permission. I will tell you what you eat and what you store up in your homes. There is a Sign for you in that if you are believers.' (Surah Al 'Imran: 48-49)

There are many other miracles mentioned in the Qur'an besides those outlined above. These and other miracles all occur by the command of Allah and in the way He wills. In the Qur'an, Allah says:

We sent Messengers before you and gave them wives and children. Nor was any Messenger able to bring a Sign except by Allah's permission. There is a prescribed limit to every term. (Surat ar-Ra'd: 38)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) was a blessed individual whom Allah made a model for all people in his goodness, strong faith and in his every word and action. As with previous prophets and messengers, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) was also granted miracles throughout his life for people to see and learn from, by Allah's permission. Only the Companions witnessed some of these miracles but great numbers of those who denied the Prophet (saas) witnessed others.

An account of some of the Prophet's miracles has come down to us in the Qur'an. We know of others through the hadith of the Prophet (saas) and by various writings of Islamic scholars. Through these sources, it is possible to see the miraculous aspects of this blessed man who was sent as a mercy to the world and to understand the importance of using the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (saas) as guides in our everyday life.

This site is based on the works of Adem Yakup.